.
 
(0)  
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: (15.03.2001)
: 15 2001 .
   45.162-2001 "   .         "
: (21.11.1988)
: 1 1990 .
   19472-88 "    .   "
:
: 11 2006 .
   36 "       ,               "


:
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45.124-2000

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- 2001

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3 1820 16.03.2001

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45.124-2000

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01.07.2001

1

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, , 24375-80 . 22348-86 .

2

2.1

1

 

, ( 24375)

radiocommunication

2

 

3000 , ( 24375)

radio waves

3

 

, , , ( 24375)

space radiocommunication

4

 

, ( 24375)

satellite radiocommunication

5

 

,

radio link

6 ()

 

,

satellite network (of communication)

7

 

- ,

telecommunication service

8

 

, , ,

 

9 ()

 

, ( ), () ( 24375)

retransmission

2.2

 

10

 

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radiocommunication service

11 ()

 

,

satellite service (of communication)

12 ;

 

,

fixed satellite service; FSS

:

 

13 ;

 

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broadcasting satellite service; BSS

14 ;

 

, ; , ;

mobile satellite service; MSS

15 ()

 

/ ,

space system (of communication)

16 ()

 

,

satellite system (of communication)

17

 

, , ( 22348)

transmission system

18

 

,

satellite transmission system

19

 

, , ,

earth segment

20

 

, , , - , ,

space segment

2.3

 

21()

 

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(radio) station

22

 

, , ,

earth station

23 ( )

 

,

base earth station (in the MSS)

24

 

,

receiving earth station

25

 

,

transmitting earth station

26 -

 

,

 

27

 

, ()

mobile earth station; MES

28 ( )

 

,

user terminal (in the MSS)

29

 

,

land mobile earth station

30

 

, ()

ship earth station

31

 

, ,

aircraft earth station

32

 

,

satellite master antenna television (SMATV) earth station

33

 

- ,

 

34 ;

 

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space station

35 ( )

 

,

 

-

on-board repeater (of satellite system)

36

 

- ,

transponder of an on-board repeater

37 ( )

 

,

multiple access equipment (to an on-board repeater)

38

 

,

demand assignment multiple access equipment

2.4

 

39

 

satellite link

40

 

-

multi-satellite link

41 -,

 

up-link

42 -,

 

down-link

43 ( )

 

feeder link (in the MSS)

44 ( )

 

feeder link (in the BSS)

45

 

connection by satellite

46

 

forward link in the MSS

47

 

return link in the MSS

48

 

service link in the MSS

2.5

 

49 ( )

 

, -

assignment (of a radio frequency or a radio frequency channel)

50 ( )

 

allocation (of a frequency band)

51 ( )

 

, ,

allotment (of a radio frequency or radio frequency channel)

52

 

(. )

 

direct distribution by satellite

53

 

(. )

 

indirect distribution by satellite

54 ( )

 

digital audio broadcasting (satellite or terrestrial)

55 -

 

hybrid satellite-terrestrial digital audio broadcasting

56

 

,

 

57

 

satellite television

58

 

(. )

 

,

direct broadcasting by satellite, DBS

59

 

, ,

distribution by satellite

60

 

individual reception of satellite television

61

 

community reception of satellite broadcasting transmission

2.6

 

62

 

, ,

active satellite

63

 

,

reflecting satellite

64

 

,

 

- 24

geostationary satellite

65 ()

 

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- 40000 , 500 , 63,4

high-elliptical orbit (of satellite)

66 ()

 

,

 

- 35600

geostationary orbit (of satellite)

67 ()

 

5000 15000

medium-earth orbit (of satellite)

68 ()

 

700 1500

low-earth orbit (of satellite)

69

 

,

constellation of spacecrafts

70 ( )

 

,

service arc (of a space station)

71 ( )

 

, ,

visible arc (of space station in the satellite network)

72 ( )

 

,

visible area (of geostationary satellite)

73 ( )

 

,

service area (of a space station)

74

 

space station antenna gain contours

75 ( )

 

,

 

76 ( )

 

, ,

coverage area (of a space station)

77 ( )

 

,

beam area (of a space station)

78

 

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service area of a feeder link in the BSS

79

 

,

service area of base earth station in the MSS

80 ( )

 

, , ,

contoured beam

81

 

,

steerable satellite beam

82

 

, -

figure of merit of a receiving station

83

 

, ,

equivalent isotropically radiated power

3

( ) 37

38

58

( ) 51

69

82

( ) 71

( ) 70

( ) 72

( ) 77

( ) 73

79

78

( ) 76

( ) 75

74

53

34

48

41

42

- 41

- 42

40

47

46

39

( ) 43

( ) 44

( ) 80

81

83

58

() 65

() 66

() 68

() 67

60

61

( ) 49

52

14

- 55

( ) 54

2

5

1

3

4

21

56

52

( ) 50

53

59

( ) 35

() 9

13

19

20

() 6

17

18

8

() 15

() 16

14

13

10

() 11

12

7

45

62

64

63

21

( ) 23

22

31

29

24

26

25

27

30

34

( ) 28

32

36

33

57

12

4

active satellite 62

aircraft earth station 31

allocation (of a frequency band) 50

allotment (of a radio frequency or radio frequency channel) 51

assignment (of a radio frequency or a radio frequency channel) 49

base earth station (in the MSS) 23

beam area (of a space station) 77

broadcasting-satellite service; BSS 13

community reception of satellite broadcasting transmission 61

connection by satellite 45

constellation of spacecrafts 69

coverage area (of a space station) 76

DBS 58

demand assignment multiple access equipment 38

digital audio broadcasting (satellite and terrestrial) 54

direct broadcasting by satellite 58

direct distribution by satellite 52

distribution by satellite 59

down-link 42

earth segment 19

earth station 22

equivalent isotropically radiated power 83

feeder link (in the BSS) 43

feeder link (in the MSS) 44

figure of merit of a receiving station 82

fixed satellite service; FSS 12

forward link in MSS 47

geostationary orbit (of satellite) 66

geostationary satellite 64

high-elliptical orbit (of satellite) 65

hybrid satellite-terrestrial digital audio broadcasting 55

indirect distribution by satellite 53

individual reception of satellite television 60

land mobile earth station. 29

low-earth orbit (of satellite) 68

medium-earth orbit (of satellite) 67

mobile earth station; MES 27

mobile satellite service; MSS 14

multiple access equipment (to an on-board repeater) 37

on-board repeater (of satellite system) 35

radiocommunication 1

radio link 5

radio station 21

radio waves 2

radiocommunication service 10

retransmission 9

return link in the MSS 47

reflecting satellite 63

satellite transmission system 18

satellite link 39

satellite master antenna television (SMATV) earth station 32

satellite network (of communication) 6

satellite radiocommunication 4

satellite service (of communication) 11

satellite system (of communication) 16

satellite television 57

service arc (of a space station) 70

service area (of a space station) 73

service area of a feeder link in the BSS 78

service area of base earth station in the MSS 79

service link in the MSS 48

ship earth station 30

space radiocommunication 3

space segment 21

space station 34

space system (of communication) 15

telecommunication service 7

transponder of an on-board repeater 36

up-link 41

user terminal (in the MSS) 28

visible arc (of space station in the satellite network) 71

visible area (of geostationary satellite) 72

()

1

, ,

2

,

3

,

4 ()

, ,

5

, , . 50 - 70 ,

6

, ,

7

, , , , , ,

 >>>     
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: 1 1999 .
    99 "   "
:
: 9 2002 .
  "     "
: (06.12.2000)
: 1 2001 .
   194-2000 " .   .   .  "

    -45 :    -,    160 3 2 -,

    :         100.5 4 1

    237/021 :      237 7 3

    -16 :  66   63 2 66

    95B : " " -      - 151.2 3 2 " " - -


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