.
 
(0)  
 >>>     
   [ + ]  
: (01.01.1991)
: 1 1991 .
  "       .  4"
: (14.01.1987)
: 1 1988 .
   IV-14-84  1-8.2 ""
: (11.01.1989)
: 1 1989 .
   23838-89 " . "

,

 

 

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1.420.3-36.03.0-1-01

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2.

3.

4.

5.

6. , , ,

7.

8.

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10.

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1.420.3-36.03.0-1-001 1180.*, 1210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-002 1240.*, 1300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-003 2180.*, 2210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-004 2240.*, 2300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-005 3150.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-006 12×180.*, 13×180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-007 14×180.*, 15×180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-008 12×210.*, 13×210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-009 14×210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-010 12×240.*, 13×240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-011 14×240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-012 12×300.*, 13×300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-013 22×180.*, 23×180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-014 24×180.*, 25×180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-015 22×210.*, 23×210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-016 24×210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-017 22×240.*, 23×240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-018 24×240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-019 22×300.*, 23×300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-020 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-021

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-022

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-023 Ζ

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-024 -

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-025

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-026

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-027 - .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-028

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-029

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-030 -

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-031

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-032

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-033 15

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-034 18

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-035 18

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-036 21

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-037 21

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-038 24

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-039 24

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-040 30

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-041 30

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-042

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-043

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-044 PC

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-045

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-046 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-047 -

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-048

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-049

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-050

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-051

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-052

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-053

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-054 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-055

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-056 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-057

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-058 1

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-059 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-060

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-061

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-062

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-063 ,

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-064

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-065 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-066 . L=18, 21, 24, 30 . 1,2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-067 . L=15 . 3

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-068 . L=2×18, 3×18, 4×18, 5×18 . 1, 2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-069 . L=2×21, 3×21, 4×21 . 1,2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-070 . L=2×24, 3×24, 4×24 . 1, 2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-071 . L=2×30, 3×30 . 1,2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-072 1180.48-*, 2180.48-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-073 1180.60-*, 2 180.60-*, 1210.60-*, 2210.60-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-074 1180.72-*, 2180.72-*, 1210.72-*, 2210.72-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-075 1180.84-* , 2180.84-*, 1210.84-* , 2210.84-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-076 1210.96-*, 2210.96-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-077 1240.60-*, 2240.60-*, 1300.60-*, 2300.60-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-078 1240.72-*, 2240.72-*, 1300.72-*, 2300.72-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-079 1240.84-*, 2240.84-*, 1300.84-*, 2300.84-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-080 1240.96-*, 2240.96-*, 1300.96-*, 2300.96-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-081 3150.48-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-082 30150.60-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-083 3150.72-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-084 1PTMn×180.48-*, 2PTMn×180.48-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-085 1n×180.60-*, 2n×180.60-*, 1n×210.60-*, 2PTMn×210.60-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-086 1PTMn×l80.72-*, 2PTMn×180.72-*, 1n×210.72-*, 2PTMn×210.72-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-087 1n×180.84-*, 2n×180.84-*, 1n×210.84-*, 2PTMn×210.84-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-088 1n×210.96-*, 2PTMn×210.96-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-089 1n×240.60-*, 2n×240.60-*, 1n×300.60-*, 2n×300.60-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-090 1n×240.72-*, 2n×240.72-*, 1n×300.72-*, 2n×300.72-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-091 1n×240.84-*, 2n×240.84-*, 1n×300.84-*, 2n×300.84-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-092 1n×240.96-*, 2n×240.96-*, 1n×300.96-*, 2n×300.96-*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-093

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-094

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-095 1180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-096 1210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-097 1240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-098 1300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-099 2180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-100 2210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-101 2240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-102 2300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-103 3150.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-104 1n×180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-105 1n×210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-106 1n×240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-107 1n×300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-108 2n×180.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-109 2n×210.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-110 2n×240.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-111 2n×300.*

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-112 .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-113 1,2.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-114 3,4

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-115 5, 6.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-116 7.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-117 8.1.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-118 8.2.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-119 9.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-120 10.1.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-121 10.2.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-122 11.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-123 12.1.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-124 12.2.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-125 13.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-126 14.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-127 15.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-128 16.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-129 17.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-130 18.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-131 19.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-132 20.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-133 21.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-134 22. .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-135 23.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-136 24.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-137 25, 26.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-138 27.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-139 28.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-140 29.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-141 30.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-142 31.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-143 32.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-144 33, 34.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-145 35, 36. .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-146 37,38.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-147 39.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-148 40,41

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-149 42, 43.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-150 44.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-151 45.1, 45.2, 45.3, 45.4.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-152 46.1, 46.2, 46.3.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-153 47. 2 2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-154 48. 2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-155 49, 50. .

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-156 51. 1-1

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-157 52. 1-2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-158 53.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-159 .

 

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-01

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3

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2.56

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5.4. .7, ( ) . 2- : 255 345.

5.5. . 3 , , , . 8. . " " . .

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255

255

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345-3

345-3 (2551)

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345-4

345-4 (2551)

1- . 2.1*. II-23-81*.

5.6. .

8

L=l5,18,21,24 30 L=18,21

255

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

255

2 Q=2 (1 Q=3.2 )

II

III

IV

V

VI

255

2 Q=5

III

IV

V

VI

345

I

II

II

II

III

IV

345

2 Q= 1 5

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

L=24

255

I

II

III

IV

V

255

2 Q=2 (1 Q=3.2 )

II

III

IV

V

255

2 Q=5

III

IV

V

345

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

345

2 Q=l-2 (1 Q=3.2 )

II

III

IV

V

VI

345

2 Q= 1 5

III

IV

V

VI

L=30

255

I

II

III

IV

255

2 Q=2 (1 Q=3.2 )

II

III

IV

255

2 Q=5

III

IV

345

I

II

III

IV

V

345

2 Q=l-2 (1 Q=3.2 )

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7.5. 12, 16, 20 24 5.8. 1759.4-87.

8.8. .

7.6. 24 22353-77 110 /2 40 "" 4543-71, I 22356-77. 24 22354-77 110 /2 40 "" 4543-71, I 22356-77. 24 22355-77.

7.7. 24379.0-80 24379.1-80. . -112.

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5. Q=3.2 (2 ). 15 . 6.0 9.0 . . .

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7. 4.2×4.2 - 2 ., 6.0×5.4 - 1 . . .

8. - , . .

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2. - II.

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4. ( 0.92) - 34.

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2. - 172 5.

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18

1.05

18.9

 

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2.5

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65.5

 

70.0

 

 

 

 

 

4. q2 ( ) q1/q2=65.5/100=0.655<0.8, γf 1.6

100

1.6

160

 

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165.5

 

230.0

1.2. ( ).

1:

- III, . 3 . -01 III.

2:

- 230 /2, . 3 . -01 III 240 /2.

1.3. : - II, qw=30 /2.

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1.4. .

. 7 . -01 255 ( , 114).

. 8 . -01 V ( ) - 24 , Q=3.2 ( Q=5 ).

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2.01.07-85* (. . 1.)

S0=1 (100 /2). m1=m2=0.5.

b=9.5 (. . 2):

μ=3.8

μ1=0.5

μ2=1.72 (. . 2)

.2

R1=9.32.

S0=100 /2 :

9.321001=932 /;

9.3210011.6=1491 /.

. 3 . -01 6 /2, /2:

1491/6 =248 /2.

1 :

-70 /2

-248 /2

: 318 /2

, .3 - IV.

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1-2 μ12=2.76. R12=4.46 R12=3.62.

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6 , , . .4:

1.25(R12 +R12 )=1.25(4.46+3.62)=10.35

S0=100 /2 :

10.351001=1035 /;

10.3510011.6=1656 /.

. 3 . -01 6 /2, /2 2 :

1656/(62)=138 /2.

( 1 2) :

-70 /2

138 /2

: 218 /2

, 3 , III . 3 . -01.

( 1 3 1) V . 8 . -01.

. 2.

2

1. :

 

 

 

-

III

V

I

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III

V

I

2.

 

 

 

-

III

III

 

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III

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3.

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III

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4.

III

III

 

1. 24 - 3×24.

9.0 , 9.6 .

2. - V.

3. 255 ( . 7 . -01).

4. .

(1 2) .

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3

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1.

23.5

 

25.2

2.

10

1.05

10.5

:

33.5

 

35.7

 

 

 

3. 3-21

100

1.6

160.0

4. 2-3 ( ) μ2=1.72:

172

1.6

275.0

5. 1-2 ( ) μ12=2.76:

276

1.6

442.0

3-21:

133.5

 

195.7

2-3:

205.5

 

311.0

1 -2:

310.0

 

478.0

5. . 1 . -059 3-21 III ( 215 /2 195.7 /2).

6. . 2 . -059 3-21 -3.0-III. [20 ( . -061). 3 3-21.

7. . 1 . -059 2-3 V ( 365 /2 311 /2). . 2 .-059 2-3 -3.0-V, [24 . -061. (h=200) 2-3 -1.5-VI [20 ( . -061). 1.5 2-3.

8. 1-2 3 , 6 2- . . 1-2 -1.5-VI [20. 1.5 1-2.

9. 5.2. . -01:

- 4 21 - 1;

- 1, 2, 3 - 2.

10. , 1 3×240.96 - V-1.

2 3×240.96 - V-1.


-3.0-III

[20

-1.5-III

[20

. -059 , ( ) . , 1 .

1. . -065...- 071.

, - .

2. 2 ( ) . -045.

4

 

N - ,

 

. -022,

N2 =0.9N2

3×24 9.6 ,

N2 =37.1

III ( ).

N2 =0.937.1=33.39

N - , . -023,

Σ N=(N +N 

Σ N=(N +N )ψ,

N=4.86

ψ=0.7 -

Σ N=1.8(4.86+4.86)0.7

k=1.8 .

Σ N=12.25

Nw - , -042...-045 ( 2).

Nw=2.045

(. 10 . -02)

( 2):

ΣN=N+N+Nw

ΣN=33.39+12.25+2.045=47.685

3. ( 3...21) - 22.1 50.55-1-1. ( 1...3) - 22.1 50.55-1-1.

4. 2 . -094 ΣN=47.685 =12 , h=180.

: . □180×5, . □140×4.

1. . -028 -029 120 2 60 . .

2. , . -030...-032, 038, 039.

3. . -042...-045.


1 2- , .

. 10.

5

1

Ø20

2

Ø20

1

Ø20

1

□100×4

2

□100×4

□100×4

1

l00×4

□80×4

2

□100×4

□80×4

□100×4

□80×4

-042...-045.

6

 

QΣww0Kzcpγf

= 0.515.2624=183 2

= 0.5(9.6+2+0.124/2)(24/2) =76.8 2

w0=30 CeΣ=1.4 Kzcp=0.65 γf =1.4

QΣw =1.4300.651.4183=6.99

QΣw =1.4300.651.476.8=2.935

:

N=0.525Qyc/(cosαγ)

Qyc=l.lQΣw/n

γc=0.9

n=2 -

 

Qyc=1.16.99/2=3.84

Qyc=1.12.935/2=1.61

 

cosα=6/7.2=0.832

cosα=6/8.34= 0.719

 

N=0.5253.84/(0.8320.9)=2.69

N=0.5251.61/(0.7190.9)=1.31

:

S=0.95N

N - . 2 . -044.

. 2 . -044

Ø20 4.8.,

255.

N=3.53

S=0.953.53=3.35

. 2 . -044

Ø20 4.8.,

255.

N=3.53

S=0.953.53=3.35

:

ΣN=N+N+Nw

N - . . -022 7.

N - . . -023 7.

ΣNw - . . -045

ΣNw=1.1Ssin α

N=33.39

N=12.25

sin α=4/7.2=0.555

ΣNw=1.13.350.555=2.045

ΣN=33.39+12.25+2.045=47.685

N=22.14

N=8.75

sin α=5.8/8.34=0.695

ΣNw=1.13.350.695=2.56

ΣN=22.14+8.75+2.56=33.45

PC

N=2.2Scosα+QficΣ

QficΣ - ;

QficΣ=Qficnc, 2Qfic

Qfic=0.02ΣN

nc=4 - ,

Qfic=0.0247.685=0.954

QficΣ=0.954√4=1.91

N=2.23.350.832+1.91=8.04

. 1 . -044 PC: □100×4

Qfic=0.0233.45=0.669

QficΣ=0.669√4=1.34

N=2.23.350.719+1.34=6.64

. 1 . -044 PC: □100×4

N=0.5(2.2Scosα+QficΣ)

N=0.5(2.23.350.832+1.91)=4.02

. -043 :

- □100×4

- □80×4

N=0.5(2.23.350.719+1.34)=3.32

. -043 :

- □100×4

- □80×4

, ,

1. 21.

2. . -046...-048.

3. .

4. . , .

7

 

1

1.160-1-III

. □160×240×8

II, III, =14.7

. -050

2

2.160-1-III

. □160×240×10

II, III, =14.7

. -051

1

1.60-III

. □140×180×5

III

. -053

5. .

8

3

Ø20

4

100×4

.

.

1. . -020...-024 . 10. . 9.

2. . -025 . 11.

9

,

.

.

1

2

4

5

6

7

8

ΣN

31.31

45.64

32.87

48.18

16.96

24.74

15.65

22.83

ΣQx

9.88

 

9.88

 

5.34

 

4.93

 

ΣQy

 

 

3.55

4.33

 

 

 

 

10

,

.

.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

ΣN,

N - :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N1=1.07N1

22.14

 

22.14

 

11.99

 

11.07

 

N2=0.9N2

 

33.39

 

33.9

 

18.10

 

16.70

N1=20.7 , N2=37.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N -

=4.86 , =1.8 -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

: ΣN=kN 

8.75

 

8.75

 

4.74

 

4.37

 

:

ΣN=k(N + N )0.7

 

12.25

 

12.25

 

6.64

 

6.13

Nw - Nw=MΣw/L

0.42

 

0.42

 

0.23

 

0.21

 

MΣw=0.575QΣw

QΣww0KzcpγfA

w0=30/2, Σ=1.4, Kzcp=0.65, γf=1.4

A=90.66 2 ( )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nw - .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nw=Qyh/

 

 

1.56

2.54

 

 

 

 

h=5.8 ( -), h= 4.0 ( -)

Qy=l.lQΣw/n, n=2

QΣw = CeΣw0KzcpγfArp

w0=30 /2, CeΣ=1.4, Kzcp=0.65, γf=1.4

=76.8 2 (. -), =181.32 2 (. -)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ΣN,

31.31

45.64

32.87

48.18

16.96

24.74

15.65

22.83

ΣQx,

Qx - : Qx=1.05Qx

Qx=3.8

3.99

 

3.99

 

2.16

 

1.99

 

Qx - , k=1.8 Qx=2.64

: ΣQ=0.85kQx

4.04

 

4.04

 

2.18

 

2.02

 

Qxw .

Qlxwmax=0.535QΣw

1.85

 

1.85

 

1.00

 

0.92

 

QΣw=CeΣw0KzcpγfA

w0=30 /2, CeΣ=1.4, Kzcp=0.65, γf=1.4

A=90.66 2 ( )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ΣQx,

9.88

 

9.88

 

5.34

 

4.93

 

ΣQy,

Qy - ,

k=1.8 Qy=0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

: ΣQy=kQy

 

 

0.90

 

 

 

 

 

: ΣQy=0.7k(Qy +Qy )

 

 

 

1.26

 

 

 

 

Qyw - :

Qyw=1.1Scosα

S=0.95N, N=3.53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cosα=0.719 ( )

 

 

2.65

 

 

 

 

 

cosα=0.832 ( )

 

 

 

3.07

 

 

 

 

ΣQy,

 

 

3.55

4.33

 

 

 

 

( 21)

. -025:

-

QxΣw=0.25CeΣw0Kzcpγf

w0=30 /2, CeΣ=1.4, Kzcp=0.65, γf =1.4, =14.7+0.15+0.410=15.26

QxΣw=0.251.4300.651.415.266=0.875

-

QyΣw=CeΣw0Kzcpγfl

QyΣw=1.4300.651.415.266=3.500

11

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

ΣN,

N -

N=0.5q•l; q=240 /2

4.32

4.32

4.32

4.32

4.32

4.32

4.32

N -

N=qhl+qhl

q=50 /2, q=750 /2, h=0.6

6.20

6.74

6.92

7.10

7.28

7.10

6.20

N -

NN(l)/l; =4.5

N=4.86 , k=1.2 -

:

ΣN=k(N +N )0.7

: ΣN=kN 

1.46

 

2.04

1.46

 

1.46

 

Nw - ( X )

Nw=QxΣw/l

 

 

 

2.23

2.23

 

 

ΣN

11.98

-11.06

-13.28

-15.11

-13.83

-12.88

-10.52

ΣQx,

Qx - X:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Qx=1.1Scosα

S=3.35 , cosα=6/7.75=0.775

 

 

 

2.86

2.86

 

 

Qx = QxΣw

0.88

 

 

 

 

 

0.88

ΣQx

0.88

 

 

2.86

2.86

 

0.88

ΣQy,

Qy - Y: Qy=0.5QyΣw

1.75

1.75

1.75

1.75

1.75

1.75

1.75

,

- , Y:

=0.125QyΣ

6.67

6.67

6.67

6.67

6.67

6.67

+6.67

. .

 

1-21, 21-1

-

-

1. . 172 5.

2. . -062...-064.

12

,

/

Q,

/

 

 

P=w0kcγfhw

w=30 /2, =1.4

k=0.55, γf=1.4

 

Q=q h

Ql =50 /2 - ,

. . -062

q2 =5 /2- .

 

 

2

1-21

(21-1)

.+7.500

hw=3.5/2+3.5/2=3.5 -

113

hc=3.5/2+3.5/2=3.5 - Q=53.5=18 /

18

.[160×80×5

1

.+4.000

hw=l.8/2+3.5/2=2.65 -

85.7

hc=11.0-4.0=7.0 -

Q=507.0=350 /

350

.□160×5

2

- .+4.200

hw=3.6/2+3.6/2=3.60 -

116

h=3.6/2+3.6/2=3.60 -

Q=53.6=18 /

18

.[160×80×5

1

.+7.800

hw=3.6/2+3.2/2=3.40 -

110

h =14.77.8=6.90 -

Q=506.9=345 /

345

.□160×5

2

.+11.000

hw=3.7/2+3.2/2=3.45 -

112

h=3.7/2+3.2/2=3.45 -

Q=53.45=18 /

18

.[160×80×5

.+4.200

hw=4.2/2+3.6/2=3.9 -

126

h=7.84.2=3.6 -

Q=503.6=180 /

180

.□160×5

()

1

.+0.600

172 5.

.[160×80×4

1. . -055 ...-058.

2. . 18.

13

1

2

1

2

Q=3.2

[30

255

. □140×4

255

. □100×4

255

. □100×4

255

I 36M

345

14

-

t,

d1,

15589-70

d2,

15589-70

d3,

Q=3.2

22

20

24

20

5.8

1. -151...-158.

2. 15591-70*, 7796-70* . 57 II-23-81* , .

3. 5915-70.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-001
1180.*, 1210.*

18

1

,

,

,

,

L

d

L

Lk, max

1180.48-*

0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

1180.60-*

0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

1180.72-*

0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

1180.84-*

0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

21

2

,

,

L

c

d

L

Lk, max

1210.60-*

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

1210.72-*

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

1210.84-*

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

1210.96-*

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

1. . , 1,2.

2. Lk max . 1, 056.

3. . 01.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-002
1240.*, 1300.*

24

1

,

,

L

d

L

Lk, max

1240.60-*

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1240.72-*

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1240.84-*

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1240.96-*

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

. 001.


30

2

,

,

L

H

c

d

L

Lk, max

1300.60-*

30.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1300.72-*

30.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1300.84-*

30.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1300.96-*

30.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15

1.5

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-003
2180.*, 2210.*

18

1

, ,

,

,

L

c

d

L

Lk, max

2180.48-*

0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

2180.60-*

0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

2180.72-*

0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

2180.84-*

0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.2

250

12.0

1.5

21

2

,

,

L

c

d

L

Lk, max

2210.60-*

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

2210.72-*

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

2210.84-*

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

2210.96-*

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

. 001.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-004
2240.*, 2300.*

24

1

,

,

L

c

d

L

Lk, max

2240.60-*

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

2240.72-*

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

2240.84-*

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

2240.96-*

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

30

2

,

,

L

c

d

L

Lk, max

2300.60-*

30.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

2300.72-*

30.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

2300.84-*

30.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

2300.96-*

30.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15

1.5

. 001.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-005
3150.*

15

, ,

,

,

L

c

d

L

Lk, max

30150.48-*

0

15.0

4.8

1.0

1.0

0.25

1.5

≤9.0

1.5

250

12.0

0.6

3150.60-*

0

15.0

6.0

1.0

1.0

0.25

1.5

≤9.0

1.5

250

12.0

0.6

3150.72-*

0

15.0

7.2

1.0

1.0

0.25

1.5

≤9.0

1.5

250

12.0

0.6

1. . , .

2. Lk max 1 -056.

3. . -01.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-006
12
×180.*, 13×180.*

2×18

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

12×180.48-*

36.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.25

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

12×180.60-*

36.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

12×180.72-*

36.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

12×180.84-*

36.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

3×18

2

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

13×180.48-*

54.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.25

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

13×180.60-*

54.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

13×180.72-*

54.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

13×180.84-*

54.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

1. .

2. . -01.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-007
14×180.*, 15×180.*

4×18

1

,

,

L

L1

Hp

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

14×180.48-*

72.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

14×180.60-*

72.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

14×180.72-*

72.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

14×180.84-*

72.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

5×18


2

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

15×180.48-*

90.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

15×180.60-*

90.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

15×180.72-*

90.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

15×180.84-*

90.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤12.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-008
12×210.*, 13×210.*

2×21

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

12×210.60-*

42.0

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

l5.0

1.5

12×210.72-*

42.0

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×210.84-*

42.0

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×210.96-*

42.0

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

3×21

2

,

,

L

L1

H

c

d

L

Lk, max

13×210.60-*

63.0

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×210.72-*

63.0

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×210.84-*

63.0

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×210.96-*

63.0

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-009
14×210.*

4×21

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

14×210.60-*

84.0

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

14×210.72-*

84.0

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

14×210.84-*

84.0

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

14×210.96-*

84.0

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

l5.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-010
12×240.*, 13×240.*

2×24

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

12×240.60-*

48.0

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×240.72-*

48.0

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×240.84-*

48.0

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×240.96-*

48.0

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

3×24

2

,

,

L

L1

c

d

Lkp, max

Lk, max

13×240.60-*

72.0

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×240.72-*

72.0

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×240.84-*

72.0

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×240.96-*

72.0

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-011
14×240.*

4×24

 

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

14×240.60-*

96.0

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

14×240.72-*

96.0

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

14×240.84-*

96.0

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

14×240.96-*

96.0

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

l5.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-012
12×300.*, 13×300.*

2×30

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

12×300.60-*

60.0

30.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×300.72-*

60.0

30.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×300.84-*

60.0

30.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

12×300.96-*

60.0

30.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

3×30

2

,

,

L

L1

H

c

d

L

Lk, max

13×300.60-*

90.0

30.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×300.72-*

90.0

30.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×300.84-*

90.0

30.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

13×300.96-*

90.0

30.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

3.0

≤15.0

1.5

.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-013
22×180.*, 23×180.*

2×18

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

22×180.48-*

36.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

22×180.60-*

36.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

22×180.72-*

36.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

22×180.84-*

36.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

3×18

2

,

,

L

L1

Hp

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

23×180.48-*

54.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

23×180.60-*

54.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

23×180.72-*

54.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

23×180.84-*

54.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-014
24×180.*, 25×180.*

4×18

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

24×180.48-*

72.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤l2.0

1.5

24×180.60-*

72.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

24×180.72-*

72.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

24×180.84-*

72.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

l2.0

1.5

5×18

2

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

25×180.48-*

90.0

18.0

4.8

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

25×180.60-*

90.0

18.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤l2.0

1.5

25×180.72-*

90.0

18.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

l2.0

1.5

25×180.84-*

90.0

18.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤12.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-015
22×210.*, 23×210.*

2×21 .

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

22×210.60-*

42.0

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

<15.0

1.5

22×210.72-*

42.0

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

<15.0

1.5

22×210.72-*

42.0

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

<15.0

1.5

22×210.84-*

42.0

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

<15.0

1.5

3×21

2

,

,

L

L1

d

L

Lk, max

23×210.60-*

63.0

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×210.72-*

63.0

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×210.72-*

63.0

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×210.84-*

63.0

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-016
24×210.*

4×21

,

,

L

L1

c

d

Lp

Lk, max

24×210.60-*

84.0

21.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

l5.0

1.5

24×210.72-*

84.0

21.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

24×210.84-*

84.0

21.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

24×210.96-*

84.0

21.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-017
22×240.*, 23×240.*

2×24

1

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L

Lk, max

22×240.60-*

48.0

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

22×240.72-*

48.0

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

22×240.84-*

48.0

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

22×240.96-*

48.0

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

3×24

2

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

23×240.60-*

72.0

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×240.72-*

72.0

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×240.84-*

72.0

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×240.96-*

72.0

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-018
24×240.*

4×24

,

,

L

L1

c

d

L, max

Lk, max

24×240.60-*

96.0

24.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤l5.0

1.5

24×240.72-*

96.0

24.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤l5.0

1.5

24×240.84-*

96.0

24.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

24×240.96-*

96.0

24.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-019
22×300.*, 23×300.*

2×30

1

,

,

L

L1

H

c

d

L

Lk, max

22×300.60-*

60.0

30.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

22×300.72-*

60.0

30.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

22×300.84-*

60.0

30.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

22×300.96-*

60.0

30.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

3×30

2

,

,

L

L1

H

c

d

L

Lk, max

23×300.60-*

90.0

30.0

6.0

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×300.72-*

90.0

30.0

7.2

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×300.84-*

90.0

30.0

8.4

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

23×300.96-*

90.0

30.0

9.6

1.5

1.5

0.3

1.5

≤15.0

1.5

. 006.

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-020
.

, .

  :

ΣN=N+N+Nw

(1)

     X:

ΣQx=Qx+Qx+Qxw

(2)

     Y:

ΣQy=Qy+Qyw

(3)

 NQx

, , , . -021, - 022;

NQxQy

, . . -023;

Nw, Qxw, Qyw

( ) , , . -024.

. . 2.01.07-85* " ".

, , :

(4)

(5)

(6)

 NQxQy 

;

ΣN, ΣQx, ΣQy

, ;

qa

, /2;

q

, . . 3 . -01, /2

1.420.3-36.03.0-1-021

1

,

L,

,

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

N

Qx

N

Qx

N

Qx

N

Qx

N

Qx

N

Qx

15

4.8; 6.0

9.24

2.13

11.09

2.56

13.04

3.39

16.94

4.40

19.93

5.54

24.60

6.84

7.2

9.80

1.35

11.76

1.62

13.56

2.19

17.61

2.85

20.46

3.62

25.26

4.47

18

4.8; 6.0

10.55

2.87

12.66

3.45

15.15

4.60

19.68

5.97

23.38

7.64

28.86

9.43

7.2; 8.4

11.65

1.79

13.98

2.15

16.17

2.87

21.00

3.73

24.45

4.67

30.18

5.77

21

6.0; 7.2

12.31

3.48

14.78

4.18

17.69

5.66